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Nicholas Kwa

Associate   |  
Advocate & Solicitor (Singapore)

Nicholas’ practice areas encompass financial services regulatory and corporate advisory.

key areas of practice

  • Cryptocurrency/Blockchain/Payment Services
  • Corporate/Corporate Advisory

Prior to joining PDLegal LLC, Nicholas trained at a leading commercial law firm, with a particular focus on corporate advisory, fintech and payment services matters. Nicholas’ experience includes assisting in advising fintech companies on Singapore laws and MAS regulations, and mergers and acquisitions.


With a keen interest in technology and fintech, Nicholas trained with the Blockchain, Cryptocurrency and ICO practice group. Amongst others, Nicholas has assisted in advising tech companies on merchant acquisition; real-estate backed digital tokens, gold-backed digital tokens; utility tokens; digital payment tokens; and e-money issuance.


Nicholas also has experience in funds-related work, having assisted a venture capital fund on the legal and regulatory aspects of fund management including, fund formation and structuring of funds, licensing and registration of asset managers.

key areas of practice

  • Cryptocurrency/Blockchain/Payment Services
  • Corporate/Corporate Advisory

Work Highlights

Cryptocurrency/Blockchain/Payment Services

  • Assisted in advising a cryptocurrency exchange and drafted a legal memo on a licensing exemption from the Payment Services Act, successfully resulting in the exchange being exempted from requiring a Payment Institution Licence;
  • Assisted in advising a foreign real estate company seeking to conduct a Security Token Offering in Singapore via the issuance of a digital token backed by real-estate;
  • Assisted in advising Singapore’s first peer-to-peer cryptocurrency platform which provides amongst others, a one-stop “KYC” solution to facilitate trading on external cryptocurrency exchanges;
  • Assisted in advising a company seeking to issue asset-backed tokens pegged to precious metals.
  • Assisted in advising a company seeking to provide payment services viz. account issuance, e-money and digital payment token services in Singapore. 

Corporate/Corporate Advisory

  • Reviewed Bond Indentures, Share Charges and other loan agreements for the restructuring and refinancing of a power plant worth USD600 million in Indonesia. Coordinated with senior lenders and counsel from international law firms to obtain necessary consents.

Publication/ Editorial Contribution

Fintech related articles

  • Regulatory update on GST treatment of Digital Payment Tokens 23 May 2020
  • Regulatory update on Income Tax treatment of Digital Payment Tokens 23 May 2020
  • Cryptocurrencies & fintech regulatory update 23 May 2020
  • Regulatory and other developments in Singapore on cryptocurrency and Bitcoin exchanges 16 March 2020

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